More recently, many motorists left their car in the garage all winter. Today the situation has changed, and these drivers is almost gone. In winter, the road cars as much as in the summer, despite the fact that driving at this time of year is much more complicated. This leads to an increase in traffic accidents and other problems and difficulties. The drivers for your own safety have to be more careful and to acquire special skills. On the other hand, if the machine is idle, even indoor heated garage, it is for the benefit of not talking. On condition of any equipment regular operation reflected better. Naturally, the choice should be for the driver himself. If he feels confident enough, you may want to refrain from and winter driving. But the observance of simple rules will allow to reduce to a minimum the risk of accidents on the road in the winter and make it as safe as in other seasons. These recommendations relate to how the correct preparation of the car for driving in the winter, and special driving techniques. So from the beginning we will focus on the preparation of the machine. First of all, it is, of course, refers to the rubber. There is no need to further explain why in the winter should not exploit the tires for use during the warmer months. The winter tires should be put not only all four wheels, but the “spare tire”. But in addition to the installation of winter tires should be prepared, and other components and vehicle systems. First, upon the occurrence of the first frost should pay attention to the process fluid. This includes checking and replacing (if necessary) the engine oil, power steering fluid, brake fluid and oil transmission and suspension components. The additional verification requires electrical equipment and, especially, battery. Special attention should be paid to sites where there are rubber-parts – ball joints, tie rods, bushings, etc. Secondly, every driver should pay attention to features of driving behavior, manner of driving on winter roads and some other points, as referred to below. Sudden movements driving are dangerous not only in winter, but in summer, but in winter road the consequences can be much more sad. Therefore, the key to safe driving in winter is smooth in the turns steering, braking, start driving, the set speed and deceleration. In winter especially important to observe the speed limit. The grim joke that traffic rules are written in blood, there is only a fraction jokes. And on the winter road is, unfortunately, very often finds its confirmation. Severe driving conditions: snow, ice, reduced visibility are high-risk factors. Even if you drive very carefully, always on the road may appear reckless driver or simply inattentive citizen. And you have a split second to make a decision that it is better to do – to ram machine, turn out the oncoming lane, fly into a ditch etc. In summer, you may have time to stop and at higher speeds, but can be fatal to the slippery road of a few extra kilometers per hour. Excessive self-confidence is just as dangerous on the winter road, as well as speeding. Many drivers own methods spectacular maneuver with the parking brake tightening, drift and other elements of the “stunt tricks.” If you do not know how to do this, refer to the extreme driving courses. It was there, together with those skills you need to be sure to teach the next – extreme driving skills are not suitable for everyday driving. They are designed for extreme situations and improve the professionalism of the vehicle owner. But not in order to impress the other road. The distance to the winter road is increased at least twice, and any rebuilding are minimized. If you want to make the maneuver a number of better to take just a few kilometers. In the blink and the signals to give way to overtaking, attention can not pay (if it is not an ambulance or fire truck). Normal people never on a slippery road to behave this way will not be. Naturally, the winter is better to forget about the road “slalom” with a “checkerboard” rebuilding. In winter, be sure to warm up the car, not only for the normal operation of the engine and gearbox. Misted glass, condensate and general discomfort to the driver only increases the risk.
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Difficult conditions slippery winter roads than ever require that the driver behind the wheel was comfortable and the review was the highest. If the outside temperature is below zero, on the road (even cleaned and dry), there is always a danger of slippery sections. Accidentally spilled water, snow, got to the curb or sidewalk, or other causes may result in an accident. Stock up on extra bottle of antifreeze for windshield washer. Liter package is enough. Lots of space, it will not take, but for the trouble may be enough and a couple of kilometers to the nearest store or gas stations, if you suddenly become empty tank. To get out of a snowdrift, you should not hurry and nervous. Irregular and sharp actions can only exacerbate the situation. First clean the wheel of snow. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, try to get out of a snowdrift “in the build-up” in second gear. It is a bit more complicated With automatic transmission. There will need the means at hand – board under the drive wheels, sand, helpers in the end. If all else fails, reduce the pressure on the driving wheels to 0.5-0.7 atmospheres. But then the wheels must be immediately inflated. Therefore, in the trunk always useful to have also the compressor. From the point of view of safety-wheel drive car has no special advantages on the road. Braking distance he will be the same, despite the fact that he is gaining speed quickly on a slippery road. Therefore, drivers of SUVs and crossovers should not lose vigilance. In conclusion, we can mention two main conditions for safe winter driving – Care and safety belts is mandatory!
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