McLaren F1 – a two-door coupe with rear-wheel drive, was not only the fastest supercar, it was also innovative cars due to its talented creator Gordon Murray. McLaren F1 produced from 1992 to 1998. In all there were 106 cars, 65 of which were intended for public roads (F1), five were prototypes Le Mans (LM), three exclusive (GT), 5 – XP, 28 racing version (GTR) and 1 – XP LM. Murray has been no stranger to fans of motorsport. Before he started to create McLaren F1, he was already a well-known developer of a Formula 1 car. In his piggy bank were Brabham BT46, Brabham BT55, and the most successful of them all: McLaren MP4-4, allowed Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost won 15 of 16 races. Gordon Murray’s mind was not clamped traditional approach to building cars, and he came up with triple supercar in which the driver sat in the center and two passenger seats placed behind. It gave a number of advantages: the driver was a good review, thanks to the fuel tank was able to shift slightly forward for optimum balance. But this decision were drawbacks: difficult access to the driver’s seat, which is partially solved by door type “butterfly wing”. Perhaps, McLaren F1 was not as beautiful as the Ferrari F50, but the latter suffered a “technical failure” will not act on any race, because even a modification F50 GT inferior McLaren F1 technical characteristics. Another innovation in the McLaren F1 was the use of carbon fiber not only for the body but also to the car’s chassis. Yes, it was expensive but it was worth it. Weight McLaren F1 decreased also due to control arms made of aluminum alloy and the Brembo brakes with aluminum calipers. Its 17-inch wheels are magnesium and weight, thus was brought to 1,138 kg., And this despite the overall dimensions, mm.: length – 4287 width – 1820, height – 1 140, the wheelbase – 2718 . For a road car at the McLaren F1 was a very small clearance (clearance) – only 120 mm. But should pay for everything. According to its dynamic characteristics McLaren F1 did not leave any chance to win the competition. In developing the McLaren F1 was drawn to the attention of even trivial things. For example, to protect the carbon from the body heat of the engine compartment together with the lid was covered with a film of pure gold – a better reflector of infrared radiation. Some parts were made of titanium, seats – from the thinnest carbon. They were not regulated, and produced individually for each. And with all this, Gordon Murray insisted that the McLaren F1 – a practical expensive car, so he donated air conditioning, electric windows and audio system Kenwood, developed specifically for the McLaren F1. From modern supercar McLaren F1 is not only a higher capacity per unit weight, and low coefficient of aerodynamic drag – just 0.32, which, coupled with a powerful engine allows to beat the world speed record.
Specifications McLaren F1.
Under the hood is a McLaren F1 engine of 6.1 liters. capacity of 627 hp, with maximum torque of 479 Nm at 5600 ob/min. The BMW AG has kindly agreed to modify the serial V12 engine from the model BMW 750i. And the result is a naturally aspirated engine, which could only dream of. But she was uncomfortable, often broke down and did not allow to show the potential of the engine in all its glory, and he was huge. The maximum speed of McLaren F1 reaches 372 km/h. And without a rev limiter and all the 386 km/h. That has been proven on the test track of Volkswagen in 1998 McLaren F1 road car is overtaken by the speed of the cars even F1. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/Hr. at the McLaren F1 it takes only 3.2 seconds. This record Bugatti Veyron broke only after 12 years. But the McLaren F1 was not all-wheel drive and the quality of tires. But not all in the history of McLaren F1 was so smooth. Half of the four prototypes crashed during testing, indicating rampant wild character of the car. Same Ferrari F50 is much more stable in turns. Rear tire standard size 315/45ZR17 for the McLaren F1 was not enough to compensate for oversteer. The McLaren F1 was not any electronic assistants as ABS, traction control and stability control. When driving, it was necessary to rely solely on their skills and McLaren F1 was intended only for very experienced drivers. In order to minimize weight at the McLaren F1 was not even the power steering and brake servo. However, McLaren F1 is still the best supercar ever existed in the world. To participate in the races was built a racing version of the McLaren F1 GTR, won the race 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1995. In honor of that at the end of 1995, was released on a limited edition McLaren F1 LM with an even more powerful engine: 680 hp Do not forget about winning F1 GTR racing class in the GT (road vehicles, derived on the track). In 1995, the McLaren F1 GTR surpassed the competition in bi-turbo Porsche 911 and Ferrari F40, and in 1996 to 100 kg lightweight McLaren F1 GTR with upgraded suspension and carbon brakes were able to take first place in the first 2 stages of the BPR. What other car can boast such universality? Yes, Bugatti, and Koenigsegg, maybe it is now producing fast cars, but they never came close to greatness McLaren F1. However, unlike the latter, McLaren F1 is not used properly a commercial success. An estimated 600,000 British pounds, McLaren F1 and did not bring profit. Moreover, this project has brought only huge costs, and instead of the planned 300 vehicles were assembled almost three times less. Today the price of McLaren F1 can significantly exceed the original, because a large seen from a distance.