Manual Transmission and Its Advantages.
In recent years, the demand for cars with manual transmission has become slightly lower. Drivers are increasingly prefer cars with automatic, referring to the fact that much easier to manage.
However, to abandon the classical mechanics, no one is going so far as it is still superior to automatic transmissions on several parameters. Firstly, the mechanic is much more reliable and more durable, but in the case of damage repair it will be cheaper than the automatic transmission repair.
Second, drive the car with the mechanics in the winter is much safer than a car with a gun. Third, with the manual transmission cars are slightly cheaper counterparts with automatic transmission, and the operation they are more economical in terms of fuel consumption.
So you’ve decided to buy a car with a manual transmission, but have no idea how to drive on the mechanics. In this article we will tell you step by step on the basic nuances of the machine control with the mechanics.
Step One: speed manual transmission.
By controlling the machine with a manual transmission, the driver is required to switch the speed of their own in the most appropriate for this moment. Most mechanical transmissions are 4 or 5 speeds (less than 6 or 7) and one reverse gear. To correctly switch between the driver must be aware of the following:
- Clutch pedal. While pressing this pedal to failure in the gearbox operates a special mechanism, and then vodietl can easily switch from one speed to another, using the shifter. If the clutch pedal is pressed somehow, the speed will switch with the characteristic rattle and crunch that subsequently can lead to breakage manual transmission.
- Neutral transmission. If you include the neutral gear with the engine running, the torque from the latter will not be transmitted to the wheels, so the car will not move. Once translated the lever to the neutral position, you can easily switch to any transfer.
- Second gear. In most cases, the first transmission is used exclusively for pulling away, but the second is a kind of “workhorse.” By activating it, you can easily move down a steep slope or confidently maneuver in heavy traffic urban transport.
- Reverse gear. This show is different from the other speeds in manual transmission. It has the largest range of operation. By selecting it, you will be able to accelerate faster than in first gear. However, it is not recommended to ride on the back for a long time, as this may cause damage to the manual transmission.
Note that for each speed provides its maximum torque, which can be achieved by means of the gas pedal. By controlling the machine with a manual transmission, you’ll feel every speed that not only adds to the drive, but also contributes to a better control over the car.
Step two: the location of transfer speed.
Since while driving, you must be completely focused on the road, then, shifting her to the mechanics, drivers need to remember the location of all programs listed on the handle switch.
For beginners, it is recommended to turn to experienced drivers and sitting on the front passenger seat, by the watch, synchronously press the clutch pedal and shift gears. Just pay attention on what speed the driver switches from one program to another.
It is likely that the first few days behind the wheel of the car on the mechanics you will still look around the gear lever and remember what its position corresponds to a particular speed. Over time, it will pass, and you will learn how to shift gears automatically.
Also beginners err in choosing the optimal speed for switching from one program to another. It is important not to make a fuss, trying to focus on the sound of the engine. Thus, when the transmission is too high engine speed will be low, and the car does not want to pick up speed.
In this case it is necessary to switch to a lower gear. If the engine speed is very high, then you are going to low gear and upgrade to higher transmission for unloading.
If you have a car tachometer (indicates the number of engine revolutions), the driver can change the speed of focusing on its performance. Of course, each model in its individual and requires a special order of the gear, but in most cases to move from one speed to another is possible when the level of 3 000 r/min.
To switch from one speed to another is possible and with the help of the speedometer. Thus, the first transfer is suitable for driving at a speed of from 1 to 25 km / h, the second – from 25 to 50 km/h, and the third – from 50 to 70 km / h, etc. However, this is not the exact values, and the more powerful your car – the greater will be the difference between these ranges upwards.
The third step: start the engine.
Before you start the engine of the car with a manual transmission, you must first depress the clutch pedal and move the shift lever to the neutral position. It is strictly forbidden to include car engine in gear, as this will lead to an uncontrolled movement of the vehicle, creating a potentially dangerous situation.
Start the engine, let it warm up time. Note that during the cold season to warm up frozen in the transmission oil is recommended to keep the clutch pedal for a few minutes after the neutral gear.
Step four: the correct use of the clutch pedal.
Strength is an important mechanism to move seamlessly from one gear to another. As mentioned above, in order to prevent damage to the manual transmission, the clutch pedal should always be fully squeeze. Press the pedal is only the left foot and the right to use to press the gas and brake pedals.
The first time beginners difficult ideal to release the clutch after switching speeds, but over time you will gain the necessary experience. Well, at first, for beginners it is recommended to release the clutch smoothly. This will feel when the torque begins to be transmitted from the engine to the wheels.
If the clutch pedal is pressed to the end, it is recommended to avoid unnecessary acceleration. Also, do not leave the clutch pedal is depressed for more than two seconds, so even at traffic lights, use neutral.
Step Five: competent coordination.
To learn how to ride on the mechanics required concerted and well-coordinated action. For example, analyze the switching process for 1st and 2nd gear. For a start you have to depress the clutch pedal to the metal, and then switch the knob speeds to the first speed.
Then you need to smoothly release the clutch pedal while slowly pressing on the accelerator. When the clutch pedal is somewhere in the middle of its travel, you will feel the torque starts to be transmitted from the engine to the wheels.
Release the clutch pedal can be dispersed somewhere up to 25 km/h, then the need to switch to second gear.This will require the clutch pedal is depressed again until the end, translate velocity into second gear knob and gently, without releasing the clutch pedal, add gas.
Step Six: Downshifting.
Downshifting (from the English downshifting.) – Is the transition to a lower gear. With it, you can not only slow the car, but also to choose the most suitable for the speed of movement.
Downshifting can be used in cases where the speed must be reduced, without resorting to the brake pedal (for example, on a wet or icy road surface). In this regard, manual transmission much safer automatic, as it gives the driver full control of the vehicle.
For example, analyze the situation when using Downshifting can stop the car moving at a speed of 70 km/h:
- You have to press the clutch pedal and switch the box on the third speed, thus moving the right foot off the gas pedal to the brake pedal.
- To avoid running the engine at high speeds, it should smoothly release the clutch pedal.
- Before stopping the vehicle is necessary once again to squeeze the clutch.
- Do not include the first speed as a downshift.
Using this method, you can stop the car much faster and safer than using the brake pedal.
Step Seven: Reverse gear.
When the reverse gear should be especially careful. In case of wrong switching gear shift lever can jump out, so strictly forbidden to include back speed to a complete stop.
Note that some vehicles with manual transmission for the reverse gear is required to press a special button on the lever box. It is also worth remembering that the reverse gear is designed for a high enough operating range, and therefore in order to avoid abrupt speed dial on the gas pedal should be pressed gently, without any extra effort.
Step Eight: Touch up the hill on the mechanics.
Because of the terrain in the world, there is virtually no perfectly flat roads, so motorists have to again and again to call on the slopes and then go down with them. If you do not use the brakes, then when you stop the car in such areas will simply roll down the hill or downhill. To get under way on sloping roads also significantly harder, so better to practice in familiar terrain for you.
Staying during the ascent on the slope and put the car on a manual parking brake, go into neutral. Next, you need to depress the clutch pedal and engage first gear.
Gently releasing the clutch and pressing the gas pedal, at some point you will feel that the car trying to start. At this point, it is necessary to remove the handbrake and just add more gas to start the confident movement on the rise.
In the future it will be necessary to abandon the use of the parking brake, touching up the hill with the quick feet transferring from the brake pedal to the accelerator.
Step Nine: Parking.
Parked car and choked the engine, you need to depress the clutch pedal and engage first gear. This will protect your car from rolling. As extra insurance, you can also pick up the parking brake lever (if an electronic handbrake, then press the button).
Remember that back in the car, you must first switch the transmission into neutral and then start the engine.
Step Ten: Practice.
Many beginners who have just received the law, afraid to sit behind the wheel of car with the mechanics, including their management of complex and confusing. In order to overcome this fear is recommended practice for specific sites. The absence of other vehicles will not hurry to deal with the nuances of the machine control with the manual transmission.
Already after a couple of sessions you will feel confident in yourself, then you can try to practice on public roads.Doing this it is recommended in the early morning or late evening when the traffic on the roads is not as intense.
Currently, among the younger generation of motorists there is a perception that the manual transmission is obsolete and not so comfortable than with a gun. This is not quite true.
Mechanics is still one of the most reliable transmission, and despite a slight decrease in driving comfort in return it provides full control over the car. That is why many sports models are still equipped with manual transmission only.
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