“Seat» (SEAT, Sociedad Espanola de Automoviles de Turismo SA), a Spanish company specializing in the production of cars. In 1990 it became part of the group Volkswagen. Headquartered in Barcelona. Company SEAT – Sociedad Espanola de Automoviles de Turismo SA (CEAT) – was founded in 1950. The founder is the National Institute of Industry (NPC) – 51%, six banks – 42%, as well as FIAT, which has 7% and its license to manufacture. The free economic zone of Barcelona began the construction of the factory SEAT. In 1953 the walls of the first car leaves the factory SEAT. The next year was released about 3 thousand cars. After three years, it began production of the SEAT 600. Vtomobilnyh giants. The day produced 300 model cars Seat 1500. Already in 1965 SEAT produces more than 100 thousand cars a year. In 1966, a demonstration of the model Seat 850. Since 1968 began production of 124 model, the volume of which reached 200 thousand. Cars a year. In 1970 he presented a model Seat 124 coupe, Seat and Seat 1600 1800 diesel engine. The volume of exports compared to 1965 increased by 10 times. SEAT Sport history of the company began in 1970, and a little later, when the plant was organized by the Department of special cars, which eventually grew into the current Department of SEAT Sport. Since 1972, the Spanish rider made numerous national and European rally championship. In 1974 produces two millionth SEAT. Sale of cars reaches a billion dollars, SEAT is the eighth largest producer of cars in Europe. Despite the severe crisis in the industry, SEAT is expanding, building a factory complex and warehouse in Martorell. In 1980 FIAT refuses to increase its capital in SEAT and terminate 30-year collaboration with SEAT. In 1981, the company is developing a new strategy, and therefore the start of work on the creation of a new line of cars, which were models of Ronda, Ibiza, Malaga, Marbella. In 1982 signed an agreement on industrial and commercial cooperation with Volkswagen. 1986 Volkswagen acquired a 51% stake in SEAT. By the end of the year its share rose to 75%. In 1989 started the construction of a new plant in Martorell. In 1990, Volkswagen acquires a 99.99% stake in SEAT. Three years later, at the plant in Martorell production capacity of 2,000 vehicles a day was ready to launch. In February 1993, His Majesty the King of Spain Juan Carlos I, together with the newly appointed president of VW Group Ferdinand Pihom cut the ribbon at the opening ceremony. In the summer of 1984 it introduced a new model Seat Ibiza, and immediately started off the assembly line every day to go to 530 cars. At the auto show in Barcelona in May 1993 and 1999, shows the updated version. From the winter of 1999/2000 a car is equipped with an engine 1,4/16V, 75 liters. from. Car SEAT Ibiza of third generation won three times (in 1996, 1997, 1999) in the World Rally Championship in the 2-liter class. Due to workers to the Technical Center, SEAT was able to double its production from 1995 to 1997. It took only two years to the Spanish firm has increased its production from 5 to 11 different models of bodies. Due to the fact that SEAT has expanded its presence in the world and 62 foreign markets, technical centers have to adapt their products to meet various legal and specific requirements of these markets. In the 90s SEAT Sport back on the world rally scene – first with the vehicle Seat Toledo Maraton, and then with the kit-car Ibiza GTi 16V, which unsuccessfully fights with rivals in a two liter front-wheel class as the Peugeot 306 Maxi, Renault Megane and Skoda Felicia Kit-CAR. At the end of August 1998 in Finland 1000 Lakes Rally debut seatovsky “World Rally car» – Seat Sordoba WRC. in March 1991 it represented a middle class car Seat Toledo with a transverse engine and front wheel drive. In autumn 1998, a new generation model. Structurally, the same type with Leon 4-door sedan is Toledo SEAT in size class D (as Volkswagen Bora and Skoda Octavia). In 1993 the factory in Martorell produced only two car models Seat, and with the same base. Five years later, in Martorell produced eight different models. In addition to the production car brand Seat, Martorell produced in several models of Volkswagen, such as “Polo Classic”, “Polo Variant” and “caddy”. In 1998 the plant was modernized by specialists “Volkswagen”. The front-drive minivan Seat Alhambra, joint development companies Volkswagen and Ford, first introduced in Frankfurt in the autumn of 1995, produced since 1996. Since 1998, the car is equipped with a turbocharged 1,8/20V-Turbo. In summer 2000, it upgraded. Since May 1997 in Wolfsburg at the Volkswagen plant produced Seat Arosa, a compact car based on the VW Polo. Since 1998 it is equipped with a 1.7 liter diesel engine with direct injection. In winter 1999/2000 a modification 3L. Ibiza – last modernization these machines with bodies of 3- and 5-door hatchback (size class B) was held in May 1999. In early 2000, there was also a new 1.4-liter 16-valve engine with 75 hp In September 2001, a new generation of models Ibiza (similar Skoda Fabia). The premiere of the 3- and 5-door hatchback Seat Leon held in autumn 1999 on a platform similar to the New Golf IV and refers to European class C. Modification of Seat Leon Cupra – the most powerful car the company is equipped with a 2.8 liter engine V6 24V 204 hp. from. and all-wheel drive. Top speed is 235 km/h. In 2000 he was solemnly celebrate the release of the 13 millionth car Seat, which has become a model LEON, the most popular of the new millennium model Seat. 2001 – SEAT produces 11 million cars. At the factory in Martorell on the same assembly line with a hatchback Seat Ibiza, its cargo-passenger sedan and modification Inca Cordoba going completely identical to the last two models of Volkswagen Caddy and Polo Classic, as well as the Seat Cordoba Vario station wagons and Volkswagen Polo Variant. Three other car under the SEAT brand produced in three different locations: Marbella at the first factory SEAT in Barcelona, minivan Alhambra and the VW Sharan and Ford Galaxy in Portugal, and the little Arosa is available at the head office of Volkswagen in Germany.