rolls-royce-logoRolls-Royce Motor Cars Ltd – a company specializing in the production of luxury cars-badged Rolls-Royce. Company founded in 1904 and named for its creators – the businessman Charles Stewart Rolls (Charles Rolls) and engineer Frederick Henry Royce (Henry Royce). Two woven letter “R” and words made an academic type in the company’s logo before 1933 were on a red background. After the death of the last of the founders, Royce, was the black background The first Rolls-Royce, assembled in Manchester in November 1904, is now a privately owned family Love. The very companies do Rolls-Royce, for which get their hands on the earliest of the surviving cars were not just a matter of prestige, but also the honor, and could not take hold of this legendary car. One can only fantasize about the amount of the proposed transaction, but historical Rolls-Royce, and now there … From 1904-1906 year a new company Rolls-Royce LTD produces several models 12PS, 15PS, 20PS, 30PS – small two-cylinder machines, as well as a three-cylinder cars (it was released only six such cars) and four-cylinder engines, with “six”, consisting two blocks – two or four cylinders, and even eight “Legalimit”. New cars “lux” quickly gained success in the market. Their good reputation grew with victories in motor racing. First was able to achieve triumph in the rally “Tourist Trophy” in 1906, an easy four-cylinder models Rolls-Royce 20 PS (driver CS Rolls) with an engine 20 hp It was followed by a new record in the rally “Monte Carlo – London”, as well as victory in the United States, including “Silver Trophy” at Empire City and a new record for cars power up to 60 hp Ormond Beach, Florida. All progress has been made car designed on the basis of “Royce – Prototype,” which until 1907 was released about 100 copies. But the real birth of the legendary brand was later: only in 1906, when Rolls-Royce has unveiled the first chassis Rolls-Royce 40/50 HP under the serial number 60551. Soon after this car was given an unusual name – “Silver Ghost” (Silver Ghost). “Silver Ghost”, became perhaps the most famous car in the world. Already in 1907 the creators touted it as “the best car in the world.” Follower model Rolls-Royce 40/50 Silver Ghost was grand and very expensive Rolls-Royce Phantom I, which appeared in 1925. The machine did not have a very big success because of old-fashioned design and not enough good controllability. As a result, in 1929 it was replaced by a Rolls-Royce Phantom II. All in all, it was released in 2212 model cars Phantom I. In 1931, Rolls-Royce acquires its competitor, were in a difficult financial situation – the company “Bentley”, which has an established reputation for good-quality, reliable and expensive sports cars and limousines on the basic parameters are very similar to Rolls-Royce. Make “Bentley” is preserved to this day. It became the basis for released after World War II model with all-metal stamped body MK VI, which, in turn, served as a prototype model of Continental (“Continental”). Since 1949 classic cars Class “luxury” get imbued with the spirit of nostalgia the name “Silver Ghost” (Silver Wraith), “the Dawn” (Silver Dawn), “Silver Cloud” (Silver Cloud), in 1965 was replaced by the “silver shadow” (Silver Shadow). Phantom Series V and VI was made based on the same chassis as the Silver Cloud. The prestige of the brand Rolls-Royce was so great that in the 50s the company becomes the supplier of cars for the British royal house and many ruling and aristocratic families of the world. A total of five illustrious couple’s car brand Rolls-Royce: Rolls-Royce Phantom-IV in 1955, with a body from Mulliner-Park-Ward, two Rolls-Royce Phantom-V 1960 and 1961., With a body of Mulliner- Park-Ward, one of the Rolls-Royce Phantom V, two Rolls-Royce Phantom-VI in 1978, with a body from Mulliner-Park-Ward. All machines are very solid spar frame and body “limousine” with lifting glass partition behind the front seats. The last two models are equipped with power steering and hydromechanical transmissions. February 4, 1971 the company was formally declared bankrupt. Rolls-Royce, as a national treasure, saved the British government, having enclosed in business of about 250 mln. Dollars. The two-door convertible elitist Rolls-Royce Corniche (Rolls Royce Corniche) was developed in 1971. The model was produced until 1995. Rolls-Royce Camague (Rolls Royce Kamarck) became in 1975 the first production car company developed by foreign designers. The four-model Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith II (Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit II) was presented in 1977 at the Motor Show in Geneva. Limousine had V – shaped eight-cylinder engine (6.75 l.) And the bearing body. In 1982 it was released Silver Spirit, equipped with the engine V8, according to experts, without the influence of representational vehicles “Cadillac”. Rolls-Royce Silver Spur (Rolls-Royce Silver Spur) produced parallel models of Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit. This model is the most popular Rolls-Royce cars in the United States. Model Rolls-Royce Park Ward, with 6-7 local body “limousine”, is intended only for representational purposes. However, in the official catalog model is positioned as a “sedan”. For the first time Park Ward was presented at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt in September 1991. By its 90th anniversary, in 1994, the company issued a Rolls-Royce Flying Spur (Rolls-Royce Flying Spur) model, a limited edition of 50 cars. Flying Spur – a modernized version of the Rolls-Royce Silver Spur. Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn – is the new name given to the well-known model Silver Spirit at the end of 1996, after the next upgrade. Rolls-Royce Silver Spur II Touring Limousine is the most prestigious model of Rolls-Royce. The annual production of not more than 25 pieces. The car cost under 300 thousand. USD. Afford only very wealthy gentlemen. Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph, made its debut at the International Motor Show in Geneva in 1998, became the first fundamentally new model of the company for more than 18 years. This model was developed Rolls-Royce since 1994 and was replaced by Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn. In 1998, control of the company received the German company BMW. Volkswagen in the course of battle for Rolls-Royce & Bentley received all car factories in Crewe and brand Bentley. In the spring of 2000 at the chassis Silver Seraph appeared immediately two new products under the well-known names: Corniche convertible and 4-door extended sedan Park Ward. Now managers Rolls-Royce logically expect to increase in popularity. For example, many Hollywood celebrities in Beverly Hills will want to replace their old convertibles, and on Executive Park Ward there are a few dozen customers. Brand Rolls-Royce from 1 January 2003 has fully passed into the possession of the concern BMW. The current plant in Crewe, owned concern Volkswagen Group, will produce only cars under the brand Bentley. The premiere of the new Rolls-Royce of the sample in 2003 was held on January 5 International Auto Show in Detroit.