“Opel» (Adam Opel AG), a German automotive company in the concern “General Motors”. It produces cars, vans, minivans. Headquartered in Rüsselsheim, Germany. The company was founded in 1898 by five brothers Opel and named in honor of their father, Adam Opel, founder and owner of the factory sewing machines and bicycles. After his father’s death, his sons began to produce cars that started production on the basis of the chassis and engine of the French company “Darrak» (Darracq). The first original model of “10/12PS” two-cylinder “Opel” appeared in 1902. Shortly thereafter, was created “12/14”. In 1903, there were “20/24PS”. In 1905, Opel launches the car of a higher class. There are models “35/40PS” c an engine capacity of 6.9 liters. Volume production, Opel brothers gained recognition in Germany, but in 1911 a fire destroyed their factory. However, the installation of modern equipment produced by necessity, gave the company a significant competitive advantage. The enterprises of “Opel” first appeared in Europe pipeline. In 1913, the company has mastered the production of trucks. Differs refinement “Opel Laubfrosh” (Opel Laubfrosch, literally tree frog), so called because of the bright green color, was frankly similar to “Citroen 5 CV”, but enjoyed much greater success because of a deliberate strategy of selling through its own network. 1916 The prototype of the first Opel with a 6-cylinder engine. Start of 20-ies. Model “8/25” with a 2-liter engine has been widely recognized. At its base it was created more powerful versions of “10/35” and “14/38” with 4-cylinder engines up to 3430 cc. cm. The years of postwar inflation Opel brothers and they are at the end of the 1920s gave way to concern American company “General Motors”. With the help of overseas partners “Opel” has become the largest automotive companies in Europe, focusing its efforts on the production of small cars and middle classes. The design of the cars were stored typical European features early “Opel»: Opel Olympia («Opel Olympia”) and the Opel Kadett (“Opel Kadett”). These models of small class have become a symbol of its time. Successful design was three-ton truck Opel, is available in 1930-1940-ies. 1924 started working the first conveyor on which cars were going “Laubfrosh”, identical to “Citroen 5CV”. 1925 appeared “Opel 10/14PS”, equipped with 4-cylinder 2.6-liter engine. In 1927 the company launched a new series of luxury vehicles equipped with 6-cylinder engine capacity of 1735 cubic meters. cm. 1928 Showed sports car “Rak-2”, a modernized version of which was accelerated to 220 km/h.Opel became part of General Motors. A new model of “Regent”. 1934 will be a model “Olimpia”, which became the first mass car with a monocoque body. 1935 released model “Kadett”, which enjoyed great success with the public. Released in 1937 “Opel Super Six”. Just went Executive Car “Admiral” («Opel Admiral”) with a 6-cylinder engine of 3626 cubic meters. See, its shape to create the image of “powerful beauty” resurgent Reich. 1938 The company introduced the midsize sedan class “Kapitan” with a monocoque body. During the rule of the Nazi enterprise they were actually confiscated from “General Motors” and the company became public. However, “Opel” quickly recovered and exceeded the pre-war level of production. In 1947, the company resumes production model “Olimpia”. 1948 produced a modernized “Kapitan” with a 2.5-liter engine. Opel Rekord sample in 1953 in West Germany in the lead in the number of sales in a decade. In 1959, “Rekord” began to be issued with the new 4-door sedan, and a month later came “Opel-1200”. In 1960 the company is Opel Kapitan (“Opel Captain”). In Frankfurt Motor Show in 1965 presented a prototype sports car “Opel GT” coupé. Etimodeli were a reaction to the increased demand for luxury cars. In 1967 appeared “Commodore”. Since 1969, the model “Kapitan”, “Admiral” and “Diplomat” are equipped with engines with fuel injection. Sport Coupe Opel Manta («Opel Manta”) appeared in the 1970s. In 1970, started production of the model “Ascona”, after 5 years, held a deep modernization of the model. Since 1982 nchat release of compact models “Corsa”. In 1993 the presentation of a new generation of “Corsa”. 1986 shows a family of “Omega” classic layout. 1987 Presentation of the car “Senator”, which topped the range of the company. 1988 There was a sister model “Vectra”. Gamma models in 1990 has been completely revised and expanded; in the center of the production program has become a model Astra (“Astra”), which replaced the line “Cadet”. In 1994 it saw the light of the same type compact coupe “Tigra”. 1997 Appeared 6-8 seater wagon “Sintra”. Opel starts the new millennium, while continuing to develop new products and upgrade production facilities. With mikrovena Aguila (Agila), Roadster Speedster (Speedster roadster), the new generation Corsa (Corsa) and Astra Coupe (Astra Coupe), as well as the next Astra (Astra) produced as the Eco 4 (Eco 4), Opel is launching an unprecedented number of new models that include features such as navigation systems and mobile telecommunications. 2000+ Opel further laid the foundation for a new advanced automotive factory in Rasselhayme. Opel launches the Agila – Universal mikrofurgon, Astra Coupe and Astra ECO 4, the first 4-liter car in the compact class, and the third generation of the Opel Corsa. Opel is a two-seater, mid-engined sports car Speedster concept car and fuel cell Zafira “GidroGen1” (Fuel Cell Zafira “HydroGen1”). Opel also presents an engineering project Zafira 1,6l. 16V CNG, compressed natural gas. This car has a power output of 74kW/100l.s., Maximum torque of 150 nm at 3800 rev/min. maktimalnuyu and speed – 172km/h.