“VAZ”, “Volga Automobile Plant» (VAZ), a Russian company specializing in the production of passenger cars “Zhiguli”, “Harmony” and “Field” (off-road). Headquartered in the city of Togliatti (Samara region). Construction of the plant began in 1967. The Council of Ministers appointed a deputy. Minister for the automotive industry Polyakov VN Director General of the plant under construction, and the chief designer of VAZ Solv’yev. First and foremost, designed to produce 220 thousand. Cars a year, was put into operation in 1971. The basis for the issue of a subcompact five-seater with a body “VAZ-2101” was taken “FIAT-124.” Four-cylinder engine capacity of 60 liters. s., maximum speed – 140 km/h. “Zhiguli” conceived as a people’s car, which is at a relatively low price could saturate “insatiable” Soviet market. But the designers and factory engineers and mechanics in the future are faced with many problems that prevented effectively solve tasks. Immediately I had to abandon the idea of affordable cars for the ordinary man. With each new model, the price of “Zhiguli” significantly increased. However, the problem of market saturation in some extent solved because goods “VAZ” does not lie (in the late 70s there were “Zhiguli” car with a body “versatile”). Also in 1977, a new all-wheel drive model “Niva” – VAZ-2121. Nevertheless, the process of improvement “Lada”, and then in the 80 years of the export version of the “Harmony” has never stopped. During the Soviet period the existence mastered the production of nine models, among which the most popular steel, except the first, sixth and ninth leading front wheels of the model (“Six” is available so far, a gradual substitution of “ten” began in 1997). VAZ 2102 – Classic five-door wagon first family, with the rear doors opening up, produced in 1972-1986, respectively. At the time, he deservedly got the honor “best friend” of the Soviet summer resident, which eventually passed to his successor in the person of the VAZ-2104. In 1972, AvtoVAZ has launched a more powerful version of “Lada” – VAZ-2103, which is widely perceived as a completely new, more powerful and comfortable model. Naturally, the absolute majority of the population – a much more prestigious and expensive. In fact, it was only a modification of the “Suite”, fully complies with FIAT 124 Speciale 1968, construction of which is processed in the same way as the basic FIAT 124 turned into a VAZ-2101. Mastering its production envisaged agreement with FIAT concern later base models, while its equipment provided for the 1.5-liter engine in the 2103 capacity of 77 hp When in 1976 at the plant in Togliatti mastered the production of the VAZ-2106, which was redesigned for the domestic conditions of the RAT 124 Speciale sample of 1972, no one could assume that it will become the most popular and mass production of the Volga car. ATV “Niva” (WHA 2121/2123/21213/2131) made a splash on the world market in the late 1970s – early 1980s. Then this car had difficulties with sales in the domestic market. And this despite the perpetual shortage of cars in the former Soviet Union. In 1980, the car “VAZ-2121? awarded the gold medal of the 53rd International Fair in Poznan. As once “Six” – was considered more prestigious than the VAZ-2103 and VAZ-2107 (“Seven”), produced in 1982, compared to the “five” was exclusive to itself. Since the end of 1984 five-seat wagon VAZ-2104 classic layout belonging to the second generation of the “classics”, was replaced on the conveyor wagon “first” generation-VAZ-2102, but a year they produced together. Is presented to the public in late 1984, the wedge “Samara” with a three-door hatchback has become a truly epochal event not only for Volga car, but also for local motorists. Model VAZ-2108 Satellite/Lada Samara has begun mass production of the country’s front-wheel drive cars. In 1987 the staff of the Volga Automobile Plant awarded the prize “Golden Mercury” for his great contribution to the development of production and international cooperation. This prestigious prize was awarded for the third time VAZ. Unlike its tribeswoman “eight” VAZ-2109 Satellite/Lada Samara, which began selling in 1987, is regarded as a “solid” car for a family man – affects the presence of five doors and as a consequence, less expressive look. Model VAZ-21099 Sputnik/Samara Forma is, in essence, “nine” with the four-door sedan. 1989 foreign trade association “Avtolad” is awarded the international prize of the Board of trading managers “Trade Leaders Club” for access to the leading positions in trade and contribute to the national economic development of African countries. After the collapse of the Soviet Union AvtoVAZ, like all other domestic industrial giants, has entered a period of full restructuring of its activities. The crisis turned out to be protracted, but by the mid 90s AvtoVAZ managed to reverse the situation and gradually began to increase production. Minicar VAZ-11113 “Oka” more than a decade remains the cheapest domestic cars. At one time it even predicted the role -narodnogo vehicle and determines the place of its manufacture a giant industrial complex in Yelabuga, intending to put an end to many years of car shortages. But dreams and projects and octalis unenforceable, and so annoy AvtoBA3y assembly “Okie” was in the mid-1990s finally transferred to the factories SeAZ (which became part of AvtoVAZ) and KamAZ. At the Paris Motor Show in 1994, it was first introduced a family of “ten” cars – VAZ-2110. Since 1998, the five-door extended assembly of VAZ-2111 – the first front-drive wagon VAZ. In 1995, he assembled 16 millionth car. On the investment exhibition “Technologies from Russia”, held in Rome in 1996, Mercedes introduced a rotary-piston engine for small aircraft. The UPC assembled 250th freight car VAZ-2110. In 1997 at the motor show in Moscow hosted a presentation of models “in 2120 ?,” 2129 ?, long wheelbase “Niva” – “2329 ?,” in 2131? and sports model “21107 ?. In the same year the total number of vehicles produced amounted to 730 thousand. In the near future is expected to increase their production by 18 thousand. Pieces. In 1998 it came off the assembly line model of the new 2111, and the cars of the “tenth” family began to be equipped with the latest 16-valve engines. In the same year came a VAZ-2120 “Hope” – all-wheel drive seven-seater “mini-van”, which is a distinctive feature of the original body with rear right door. Currently, the MOH of the relatively low quality “Lada” Russian markets seize Korean and Japanese dealers in USA. As a result, AvtoVAZ is taking steps to counter the market conditions. In the short term AvtoVAZ joint production with the company “Adam Opel AG” new model “Opel Astra”. Currently VAZ produces more than 50% of the total number of passenger vehicles Russian. In the long-term plans for 2003-2004. It expected to produce a new family of models “Kalina” in European size class “B”. While there are three models: a VAZ-1117 (wagon), the VAZ-1118 (sedan) and VAZ-1119 (hatchback). It is assumed the appearance and VAZ-1120 (OLA). The so-called platform family of “Kalina” is unified with the “tenth” family, and the car is only slightly shorter. The base engine will be an upgraded 1.6-liter unit (cylinder block engine VAZ-21083).