“Peugeot” (Peugeot SA), the largest private French automobile company, specializing in the production of cars, sports and racing cars, as well as special vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles, engines. In 1974, combined with Peugeot-Citroen (“Peugeot-Citroen”) into a single group. Headquartered in Paris. The family of industrialists and engineers Peugeot, is building his race to the 15th century, maintains its leadership position in the company to the present day. The family company “Brothers and sons Peugeot” in the second half of the 19th century produced, along with its traditional hardware, bicycles and parts for carriages. In 1889 Leon Serpolle built for the company’s first steam car, quite successful, took part in a run of steam cars on the route Paris-Lyon. But the head of the enterprise cycling Armand Peugeot (Peugeot Armand), a friend of Emile Levassor, one of the pioneers of the automotive industry in France, met with his assistance with Gottlieb Daimler and built his first car with a gasoline engine Daimler in 1891. Although the model was not very original, Armand’s success inspired the creation next year of a series, consisting of 10 different types of machines. One of the cars involved in cycling mileage Paris-Brest-Paris in the same year and attracted worldwide attention. This proved a beginner automaker that an important component of commercial success can become a race car. In 1892 Peugeot gets interesting order – for the Algerian Bey produces elegant car with 4-cylinder engine and a body made of cast silver (this unique model is a jewel of a museum of the company). Car Peugeot participated in the first automobile race in the world – the “great run” Paris-Rouen July 22, 1894, coming second after the steam train “De DionButon”. In 1895, the company sells 72 car, and in 1899 – already 300. The base of automotive companies, called the “Society Peugeot cars” refers to 1896. “Peugeot” in the early 20th century, in line with the trends of the time trying to create a cheap car, as simple, reliable and adapted to urban conditions. For these purposes, the company invited prominent engineer and designer E. Bugatti. So the prototype “people’s car” was created them Bebe Peugeot (“Baby Peugeot”). But it was not forgotten and another direction in the company – and a record racing cars. Model Peugeot Goux in 1913 develops a speed of 187 km, an absolute record of those years. The company is introducing the first in France in these years conveyor assembly, acquiring the rights to this method the engineer E. Taylor. After his death in 1915 A. Peugeot his case was continued by other family members. Focusing on mass cheap cars “Peugeot” continues in the first years after the 1st World War, when the market goes economical (Peugeot Quadrilette). For buyers with higher demands and more thick purse produced powerful sedans. Gradually pour in the company are left a considerable mark on the history of automotive companies as “Bellanger» (Bellanger) and great in the past, “De Dion-Bouton» (De Dion-Bouton; 1927). Even during the “Great Depression” of the company managed to maintain its position in the market thanks to improved production of small cars available in a wide range of buyers. Sedan Peugeot 402 was an attempt to maintain market cars middle class. During World War II, the company “Peugeot” under the control “Volkswagen”. After the war policy of the company, is focusing on small cars, successfully blended in with the general trends in Europe. But in 60 years, according to market requirements “Peugeot” was created in collaboration with the Grand Touring Car designer Pininfarina new models for more demanding and affluent customers. In 1966, “Peugeot” signed an agreement with “Reno” to combine technical resources; It is attached to this agreement and the Swedish concern “Volvo”. In 1974, “Peugeot” is combined with “Citroen” in a single group (the embrace of “Peugeot” with “Citroen” falls and division “PanarLevassor” is now the world leader in the production of armored vehicles), and in 1978 of the “Peugeot” is “Chrysler Europe “, which becomes the basis of separation Talbot (“Talbot ” produces cars and trucks. Keeps company and a leading position on the European market for bicycles and motorcycles. Despite his small stature, in its time Peugeot 205 has become a great success for the company. Career of the original car lasted from 1983 to 1995, and its success is even reflected in the French advertising slogan – “holy room” (meaning the index model). For the first time Peugeot 605 was presented to the public in Frankfurt in 1989 and has since been repeatedly subjected to modernization. In 1998, the car is offered in a new version fullest Signature. The most comfortable and solid sedan middle class in the program Peugeot – model 605 is now replaced by Peugeot 607. Modification of engines, exterior and interior – 1993, 1995. In August 1991 it was introduced Peugeot 106, a compact car with a transverse engine and front wheel drive. In August 1992 it issued a five-door version with a diesel engine capacity of 1.4 liters. In April 1996, a new generation of models. In 1993, followed by Peugeot 405 modernization – a typical representative of the middle class. In January 1993, first introduced Peugeot 306, a compact car of the lower middle class. In autumn 1993 released a convertible. In 1997 in Geneva shows the model with a new design and a station wagon. In Geneva marte1994 released Peugeot 806, minivan joint production Peugeot/Citroen and Fiat/Lancia with a transverse engine and front wheel drive. The car has two modifications – SR and ST. Since the beginning of 1996 a car equipped with a diesel engine with turbocharging, in the summer of 1999 – Diesel 2,0 HDi. Successor model 405 Peugeot 406, the car of the middle class, was first presented in summer 1995. Sedan Class D could be called a success of the company. Especially consumer interest in this model increased after restyling in spring 1999. Since the autumn of 1996 produced a modification of the station wagon. In autumn 1996 there was the Peugeot 406 Coupe, designed by Pininfarina. In 1996 came Peugeot Partner – touring with a transverse engine layout. Structurally identical Citroen Berlingo. The car has various modifications – double cargo van; five-seater combi van Combi, a comfortable five-seater combi van CombiSpace. For the first time the Peugeot 206 was introduced in the summer of 1998. This car can be called the biggest success since the legendary Peugeot 205 model, to say the least: the model 206 became the fastest-selling in the history of the company. At the Paris Motor Show in 2000 he debuted the long-awaited convertible, named 206 CC (Coupe Cabriolet). In September 1999 in Frankfurt presented Peugeot 607, the car of the upper middle class with a transverse engine and front wheel drive. In 2000 he presented some bold concept cars. Model Promethee – hatchback Golf class. “Peugeot 307” It was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2001. Companies “Peugeot” exist in all parts of the world. The company, keeping in the range of its products once brought her success subcompact, and produces models such as the Peugeot 406, Xantia, Citroen Berlingo and others.