Lancia «Lancia» (Fiat Auto S. p. A.) – Italian company specializing in the production of cars. Headquartered in Turin. November 27, 1906 a well-known rider Vincenzo Lancia (Vincenzo Lancia), together with his partner Claudio Fodzholinom founded in Turin firm Fabbrica Automobili Lancia. September 23, 1907 came the first creation named Lancia 18-24 HP. Later, on the advice of his older brother, Vincenzo Lancia began to call their cars letters of the Greek alphabet, and the first-born, naturally, was named Alfa Lancia. Alfa proved extraordinary. High-speed (1800 rev/min – is a lot for that time) four-cylinder engine capacity of 2543 cm3, 28 hp developed Behind the bridge was installed with a patented pressed steel beam, which weighed half the usual cast. The torque transmitted to the rear wheels of four-speed transmission with a shaft, not chain as many other cars at that time. This is the only model still very young companies could not claim to belong to the highest automotive society. But in 1908, at its base there was a modified car – Lancia Dialfa. The machine was equipped with a six-cylinder engine – one of the first in the world! In 1913 there was a big Lancia Theta. For the first time this car in Europe is fitted as standard electric lighting (on other machines is available for an extra charge). Theta four-cylinder engine had a capacity of 4940 cm3, which is at 2200 rev/min developed 70 hp With him Lancia Theta was able to accelerate to 120 km/h. Theta famous for the highest reliability: a car historian wrote that “only a professional killer car able to break this machine.” The First World War brought about changes: the decree of the Italian government company Lancia was declared a military enterprise. Instead of luxury cars had to go to the production of trucks, special vehicles and even armored vehicles. At the same time it has been developed eight- and twelve-engines. The war has contributed to the development of the company: in 1919, the factory area increased to 60,000 square meters. m. The place of honor on the line received a new model of Kappa, although in fact it was the upgraded Theta. Golden era in the history of the brand Lancia marked the appearance of the model in 1921, Lambda – the world’s first car with a monocoque body. Then Lancia instructed their designers to develop an independent front suspension. Engineer Battisto Falketto (later designed the body for the model Aprilia) offered as much as 14 cartridge front suspension design options, of which the very best Lancia chose – in the vertical shock absorbers (candle). In October 1922 this car made a splash at the Paris Motor Show. Lancia Lambda was produced from 1921 to 1931. It sold about 13 thousand copies of various series (of this model is “experienced” nine upgrades). In 1928, the racing version has been won third place in the Rally Mille Miglia. Constantly mutating, this model was produced until 1938, although it has got a new name – Dilambda – and more fitting to her eight-cylinder engine. A feature of the next model was the top-class patented mechanism that connects the engine and the frame. Her name – Astura. Suspension V-shaped eight-cylinder engine capacity of 72 hp so well isolated from the body vibrations, which, according to contemporaries, it was impossible to determine when the engine is running and when – no. At the same time issued a model of lower rank: Lancia Artena (V4 1924 cm3) and the Lancia Augusta with a monocoque body and hydraulic brakes Lockheed. The last car to which the maestro himself had a hand Lancia, Lancia Aprilia was. Vincenzo Lancia died February 15, 1937. The same year saw the first Lancia Aprilia. In his diary there is an entry dated 1934 year: “Lightweight and aerodynamic style …”. Body Aprilia models created in collaboration with the aerodynamic laboratory of the Higher Technical School in Turin, and on October 22, 1949 on the seat of the last converging with the conveyor model Aprilia unidentified worker had left a note: “Dear Aprilia, leaving me to accept my humble bow. You – the great work of the greatest man who left us long ago. The creators of your waiting and hoping that your new sister will bring us the same amount of fame … ” “The new sister» – Lancia Aurelia – was the brainchild of legendary designer Vittorio Jano, the creator of cars Alfa Romeo 20-30-ies. Yano applied to this car a risky decision for those years, equipping a new model of the six-cylinder V-engine. It was believed that such a motor can not be balanced, but … After lengthy tests, it was decided – the motor to be! This engine was aluminum, 1754 cm3 volume, and developed 56 hp at 4000 rev/min. The car body c hinged doors with no B-pillar engineered studio Pininfarina. Lancia Aurelia was presented to the public in May 1950 at the Turin Motor Show. Next expensive model appeared in 1957. It was pretty Lancia Flaminia. The car can accelerate to 160 km/h. A distinctive and apparent today comical piece of steel “wipers” rear window. They were mounted not only from the outside but from the reverse side, the cabin! What for? To remove condensate from “sweaty” glass! The car was presented at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1957. As many as 13 years Flaminia took the top spot in the ranking of Lancia – until 1970, when the company came under the wing of the Lancia concern FIAT. And the new history. Since 1969 an Italian company owned by FIAT concern and in 1996 celebrated its 90th anniversary by presenting to the market several new cars. In 1990-ies. performed with classical range of models – Ypsilon, Delta, Dedra, Kappa and Zeta. By 2000 Dedra replaced by Lybra. The company specializes in the production of the most luxurious cars in the Group. Car Ypsilon – among the smallest cars Lancia and is the successor to the Lancia-Y10. First presented in Geneva in 1995, in a modern guise produced since 1996. The vehicles are equipped with a series of engine Fire 1.2-liter 60 hp with four valves per cylinder and engine of the modern family of FIAT. The complete set LS power steering. The model Elefantino, manufactured in 1997, on the middle rack of the roof shows the blue elephant, as it is different trendy colors of the interior. Model Delta belongs to the category of small cars and is available in three- and five-door version of “hatchback”. Cars equipped with 4-cylinder 2.0-liter capacity of 193 hp such as HF to two valves per cylinder and a turbocharger. With this engine the car can accelerate from standstill to 100 km/h in 7.5 seconds. The car was produced in the image Dedra Delta, it is equipped with the same engine, but without the turbocharged diesel engine. It produces 15 modifications Dedra, 4-door sedan and station wagon Station Wagon. Model Kappa belongs to the class of “luxury” and is available in versions “sedan”, “coupe”, performed in the style of the 60s and “versatile”. Machines equipped with 5- and 6-cylinder 2- and 3-liter petrol engine with four valves per cylinder. Lancia Kappa Station Wagon – a roomy station wagon with a large baggage compartment, which is lined on the inside of fine quality fabrics. For wagon designed 4-cylinder engine with turbo power of 205 hp At the rear, there is also an additional storage compartments. The standard equipment also includes an automatic control clearance. Car Zeta is a joint project of companies FIAT, Citroen and Peugeot. Made in the style of “touring” car of the design models close to her rich equipment, proprietary design the front of the body and a large capacity – from 5 to 8 people. The model is equipped with a 4-cylinder turbo gasoline engine 2.0-liter, and now uses an economical 4-cylinder diesel engine with three valves per cylinder displacement of 2.1 liters capacity of 110 hp.