General Motors Corporation – an American concern, a manufacturer of commercial vehicles, including the so-called light trucks (pickups and utility vans).
Founded in 1900, brothers Max and Morris Grabowski created intended for sale truck equipped with a horizontal single-cylinder engine. In 1902 he founded the company Rapid Motor vehicle, which began production of trucks with the single-cylinder engine. In 1908, with the advent of William C. Durant, created the company “General Motors”, which absorbs the Rapid Motor vehicle and all the other small automobile companies in Michigan. In 1909 he produced the first generation of trucks GMC. And in 1916 he formed “General Motors Corporation”.
Trucks company in 1916 involved in the first Meso-American rally and cross the country from Seattle to New York.
During the First World War, GM has supplied for the needs of the Army from 1917 to 1919 about 10,000 trucks and modifications thereof. After the war, GM started to improve the assembly line at the plant in Pontiac, Michigan, and began re-equipment of their cars, changing their body in railway handcar and motovagony various purposes.
In 1925 there was an important event – the GMC joined the company in “The Yellow Cab Manufacturing” from Chicago. GMC now had the opportunity to produce trucks as the small and medium-duty trucks with its own logo.
In 1927, there were T series machines, and by 1931 – one of the first car category Class 8 heavy truck T-95. This was a three-axis machine with pneumatic brakes and four-stage transmission, the vehicle payload capacity of up to fifteen tons.
In 1929 GMC received an order to develop a special truck for transportation of circus animals, particularly elephants.
In 1934, GMS created the first model of the truck with the cab above the engine, which was supplied by Bekins van and Storage. By 1937, the company purchased new trucks streamlined shape, expanded color gamut color. By 1939, entered into operation model, series A, considering modifying AC, ADC, AF, ADF, with numbers from 100 to 850 inclusive.
In 1935 GMC opens in Detroit production of diesel engines, which are becoming popular in the construction of trucks.
In 1938 GMC pickup creates the first model T-14.
During the Second World War, GMC carries out military orders – the tanks, equipment for submarines and special trucks, many of which were under the Lend-Lease Programs added. One of these turned out to be amphibious transport DUKW, able to move through the water and on land, transport soldiers and equipment. Undoubtedly, this car is the famous “Duck” (“Duck”), which is available in three popular versions: two-, four- and eight-ton.
In the second half of the 40-ies GM was very popular, – cars came true with success, even without major changes in the design.
In March 1949, the model series A started quickly obsolete, the replacement came a new design category of Class 8 trucks at the end of the year, a model H-series, which was the only category of Class 8 truck, manufactured by the company during the ’50s. It was also released version of “Bubblenose” from above the engine cab, which was provided on request to equip the bed. Serial number 900 and above were assigned the most lifting machines category of Class 8, and the rooms are less than 900 vehicles belonged to a relatively lesser capacity.
In the 50s produced the trucks, “Jimmy”. “Jimmy” series has equipped 630 1954 diesel 471 Detroit Diesel, a five-speed main and auxiliary three-step transmissions.
In 1956 GMC publishes first full-drive – 4WD.
The last truck cab above the engine – type “Bubblenose”, released in 1959. They were replaced by a model series, known as “Crackerbox”, which was given for the angular forms cabin resembling a transmission. It was issued as a modification of beds, and without it. This truck was manufactured from 1950 until 1968.
In 1968, the family of GM trucks replenished with new car – “Astro-95? cab above the engine. He quickly gained wide acceptance. The car was installed a new semi-circular instrument panel, new windshield, providing a better view and the cabin design – completely changed. Produced as a modification of beds, and without it.
In 1987, “Astro” were taken out of production. It should be noted that on the basis of massive models N characteristic of the 50s, were established 9500 series machines, which appeared in 1966. It was kind of impressive trucks with a long hood fiberglass. The hood tilts forward, revealing a space large enough to accommodate any diesel engine, including the V-12 company Detroit Diesel.
In January 1988 GMC joined the group of truck manufacturers “Volvo-White” and to this day remains in force, producing trucks under the brand name “New Family” (“New Family”), which became a joint product of “Volvo-White -GMC” and “Autocar”.
GMC emblem can be seen on the modern category of Class 8 trucks, but still maintained and outdated modification.
Today GMC is a few models.
Pickup Sonoma (in three versions: Regular Cab, Extended Cab, Crew Cab).
The full-size pickup Sierra ACE, which was first presented at the Auto Show in Detroit in January 1999. Outwardly GMC Sierra ACE characterized by a combination of rectangular and round headlamps, the powerful 18-inch wheels, a large number of decorative chrome. Double cabin designed for transportation of six people. Access to the rear seat provides a third door on the starboard side.
Minivan with full or rear wheel drive Safari – quite a compact family car to the countryside. Use Safari and commercial traffic (in a complete set van Cargo). From his double Chevrolet Astro model differs from the traditional front end design in big letters GMC.
Minibus Savana SLT is designed for seven passengers. There are three modifications Savana: 1500, 2500 and 3500 (accommodate 12 to 15 passengers).
Yukon SUV not only has full all-wheel drive. Produce versions with rear drive wheels ~ chassis is lighter and cheaper. As the Yukon with a wheelbase of 2946 mm, and Yukon XL with a base of 3302 mm have the same type of body of universal type with a capacity of 5-9 and 7-9, respectively. Needless to say that the comfort of these machines at large passenger sedans. In 2000 it saw the light of the second-generation models Yukon/Yukon XL, was related to the Chevrolet Tahoe/Suburban.
In early 2001 there was a change-generation off-road GMC Envoy, who trace their ancestry since SUVs Chevrolet Blazer. New generation differs significantly from the previous model. This is especially noticeable in machines, and secondly it is a completely new car. All external and internal parameters of the machine increased. Richer was the model and equipment. The car will be offered in versions both with four-wheel drive and rear.