Aston Martin (Aston Martin) – the legendary British company specializing in the production of ultra-expensive sports supercars. Group is a division of Ford Motor Company. Headquartered in Newport Penell. The founders of the brand Aston Martin called Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford, who in 1914 in London’s Kensington district built a lightweight sports car with a 1.4-liter Coventry-Simples cars on the chassis of the Italian Isotta Fraschini. The year before, a car “Singer-10» (Singer) Martin has won the local races on the hill Aston Clinton (Aston Clinton), and in memory of this event a new car called the “Aston Martin”. At the end of 1919 there was a second model of the “Aston Martin”, and its production began only in January 1920 in the new shop in London Road, Abington. Aston Martin cars are constantly involved in the race, due to which the company is gaining a sports and technical expertise. In 1924 the race on Monza Count Louis Zborowski crashed rendered by the huge financial assistance and the firm was on the brink of bankruptcy bought for 6000 pounds engineer Renwick (WS Renwick). The basis for all subsequent car “Aston Martin” until 1936 was a new 1.5-liter engine with an overhead camshaft, which developed Renwick and his companion Italian Augusto Cesare Bertelli (Bertelli). The launch of the model Aston Martin 11,9 HP happening in 1926 In the race “24 Hours of Le Mans” 1934-1936. success comes models Aston-Martin Ulster. In 1936, the model appears Speed. In 1939, the company’s chief engineer Claude Hill created car Atom, which began with the history of the car series «DB» (the abbreviation contained a David Brown’s initials). In 1940 at the Motor Show in London “Atom” created a furor. But the war brought about changes. In 1947 the company «Aston Martin» buys David Brown (David Brown) owner of a large industrial company for the production of tractors and agricultural machinery, and in 1948, based on “Atom” produced the first DB. The property is David Brown also got Lagonda, so they went to the motor “Aston Martin”. In all there were 15 cars Aston Martin-Lagonda DB1. In 1950, the debut of DB-2 with engine 2.6 liter 105 hp, successfully participated in many competitions for cars 3-liter class. Particularly noteworthy racing modification «DB-3S» with engine capacity of more than 200 hp, produced from 1953 to 1956. It was one of the most (if not the most) successful racers «Aston». Major sporting success befell the special sports-racing series «DBR». One of the DBR-3 in 1959 won at Le Mans and won the Constructors Championship. In those same years, it was built several racing cars of Formula 1, but they were not as successful as sports. In 1959 Aston Martin DB4 presented with aluminum 6-cylinder engine working volume of 3.7 liters with two overhead camshafts 240 hp, designed designer Tadek Marek. Updated lightweight coupe body had a more elegant and attractive form. It was the most successful car category Gran Turismo for British cars. The impressive four-DBS model can reach speeds of 257 km / h, putting the car in line with the supercar. In 1959 the car DBR3 won the 24-hour race at Le Mans. One option was the DB4 sports racing Aston Martin DB-4GT a streamlined body Zagato, which was released in 1960. In all there were 19 cars of this version; all of them have survived to our time. In 1963, it was announced the release of a new DB5, which differed from its predecessor only increased to 4 liter engine volume capacity of 282 hp Incidentally, the most famous of all the Bond car – Aston Martin DB5 can be seen in the film ‘Goldfinger’ and ‘Thunderball’. The subsequent Aston Martin DB5 in 1965. The 325-strong DB6 was outwardly similar to all his predecessors double, but could accommodate 4 people. He belonged to the upper class and was able to compete with other prestigious models. In the late ’60s on its base were born more powerful models DBS and DBS Vantage c 6-cylinder engine, later added the car with an aluminum V-8 engine in 5340 cc develops power from 340 to 450 hp In 1972 he took a new turn in the history of Aston Martin: David Brown sold her company Company Development Ltd., to put an end to the usual model designation «DB». During this period the company has difficulty picking a small series of sports cars, received the designation for the Vantage coupe and Volante convertible. All are offered in the most expensive versions with the same 5.3-liter V8 rated at 340 hp and 390 They were the first direct injection and American automatic transmissions. Since 1976, small series produced one of the most extravagant in the world of cars Aston Martin Lagonda top class with an elongated wedge-shaped hood, revealing already known “eight” in 390 hp with automatic Chrysler. This car is too expensive for the common man in the street, but in the Middle East Lagonda enjoyed great popularity. For example, one of its owners was the Prince and Princess of Saudi Arabia. With the advent of the 80s Aston Martin’s financial position has deteriorated further. During the 7 years it repeatedly outbid British and American industrial and financial groups, but this has not led to significant changes in the firm. The relative stabilization nstupila only in 1987, when the next owner of Aston Martin became the American concern Ford Motor Company, has bought 75% stake in the company. In 1988 to the basic range of models produced by Vantage and Volante added new coupe Virage, combining the spirit of the models of yesteryear, such as the DB4, coupled with cutting-edge design and excellent new chassis. Virage offered motorists higher dynamic performance. In the 90 years under the tutelage of Ford Aston Martin the economic situation improved. In 1993, the public was presented a new sports DB7. This model is one of the best cars of the company. The 90s are still relevant models of Virage, Volante and Vantage with a substantially revised V8 engine with 4 valves per cylinder and bulk superchargers, which allowed to increase its power to 557 hp Successful project Aston Martin at the Detroit Auto Show in 1998 was a new model DB7. His contribution to the creation of a car sledushchego Goals, which was named “Dream Choice” made designer Ian Callum (Ian Callum). DB7 is produced in two versions, which have become the standard for Astonov – Coupe and Volante. In 1999 at the Geneva Motor Show was first shown the new brainchild of British designers – Vantage Aston Martin DB7. This is another dream-car model series from the DB7. Disa new DB7 Vantage was also made by Ian Callum. In 2000, the owner of Aston Martin – US auto giant Ford has officially presented a model of Aston Martin V12 Vanquish, which thanks to a new, more powerful engine and the use of lightweight materials has a stunning car running characteristics. Vanquish like a machine, and not all, but some kind of a boutique on the Champs Elysees. Needless to say that the car is literally crammed with all possible electronics. All information is processed on-board computer (which, according to engineers, can carry up to 2 million instructions per second), is displayed, and the most important voice is duplicated. It is assumed that each year the British workers will collect about 300 cars each in the hand and custom-made, so that the same will not happen. In 2001, the company announced the release of chetyrehtysyachnogo car model Aston Martin DB7. They became coupe Vanage, painted in gray-green Galloway Green. Sales model DB7 became a new record, exceeding the company’s total sales volume of previous generations of this model – DB4, DB5 and DB6. It is worth noting that the elite “Aston Martins” is still going in the four small barn near the town of Newport Pegnel in central England. This plant never did find out what the conveyor or the division of labor at Ford. At another factory where they make the Aston Martin BD, under the bonnet of each car is put a special brand: the name of the collector, or better to say, the author.