citroen-logo«Citroen» (Citroen), the French automobile company, specializing in the production of cars. Part of the corporation “Peugeot”. The headquarters is located in Neuilly-sur-Seine. Founded in 1919 by Andre Citroen as a “joint-stock Citroen company» (Societe anonyme Andre Citroen) for the purpose of mass production of inexpensive cars. In fact, the first “Citroen” has become both the first mass-produced car in Europe. Model “A”, also known as 10 PS 8/10, had four single-row engine displacement of 1327 cc, 18 hp power at 2100 rev/min, it is lightweight, easy to manage. She was a beautiful soft suspension, which was to become typical of all “Citroen”. The engine and clutch are combined into one unit. All this has created a “Citroen” reputation is very simple and easy to operate machines and many contributed to the success among the public. Following the first model comes with 10 CV 5 CV, 4-cylinder compact car without front brakes with springs front and rear, devoid of claims and able to go on unimportant rural roads. With the release of the company car to use the methods of Henry Ford. The first taxis “Citroen” appeared in 1921, and by 1933 90% of Parisian taxis were this brand. In 1921, the model “A” was replaced by The 2 with an engine capacity of 1452 cc, which had only a superficial resemblance to its predecessor. In 1923 he produced a small number of sports cars “300 2 Cuddy”. This elegant three-model was a great success, and how the drivers of those years, and today’s car lovers of antiquity. In the spring of 1922 it began the production of the popular two-seater “roadster” with engine capacity 856kub.sm. Due to the bright yellow color of his affectionately called “lemon.” It produces and its modification with a body “cabriolet.” Already by June 1924 “Citroen” produced more than 250 cars per day. Plant “Javel” has grown and occupied the entire territory of the 15th district of Paris. In addition, the company had offices in Belgium, England, Italy, Holland, Denmark and Switzerland. “Citroen” first in Europe and one of the first in the world began to use steel instead of wooden body. So there were models “In the 12 and In 14, which, thanks to a beautiful instrument panel and adjustable seats were the most comfortable of serial machines. In just two years it was manufactured 132,483 cars in 14. AC 4 and AS 6 (letters stand for the initials of the manufacturer, and the numbers are the number of cylinders) were created on the basis of the 14. In 1931 he appeared “CGL” (“Citroen Grand Suite”), which became the basis for the “C 6 F”. The car had an engine capacity of 53 hp (2650 cc), and a first-class body with a rich interior decoration. During the famous rally across Asia ended in the Himalayas, C4 and AS6. They showed their best side. In 1932 the company released the “C 4 IX” – Spartan version of From 4 with an engine 30 hp (1628 cc), but the public perceived it pretty cool At the Paris Motor Show 1933 “Citroen” I presented the full range of its production: the model 8, 10, 15 and lightweight model options 10 and 15. In April 1934, it was created a new model of 7, known as the “Traction Avant “, created with the decisive participation Ki Javel. A disproportionately large for the period of the “Great Depression” financial costs of promoting this successful sold until 1957 in various versions of the model (front-wheel drive, it was extremely rare for that time), André Citroën led to the loss of control over their own business. The company falls under the control of the “Michelin”. Thus began the era of front-wheel cars. In 1955 at the Paris Motor Show presents a historical car DS. This machine, roomy enough to carry the generation of baby boomers, inexpensive and safe, was a success and the broadest layers of the population and of General de Gaulle. This people’s car and drove Fantômas and Inspector Juve. In 1966, “Citroen” and the German company NSU jointly develop a car with a Wankel engine, but formed company “Komotor» (Comotor) held out for long. In 1965 in the “Citroen” joins “PanarLevassor” and 1976 “Citroen” is a concern “Peugeot” as an independent branch of preserving their brand cars (a “Panhard-Levassor” constantly confirms its reputation as the world’s largest manufacturer of armored vehicles). The company’s engineers are making a great contribution to the development of the car. In particular, first introduced in 1989 gidraktivnaya suspension of third generation, which adapts automatically depending on the road surface and driving style. Citroen Xantia first show was held in November 1992. The model was launched in 1993 as a replacement Citroen BX. The design Xantia 1993 defined the further development of the style of the company Citroen. Minivan Evasion (joint production of Peugeot/Citroen – Fiat/Lancia) was first introduced in March 1994 in Geneva. Compact Citroen Saxo was first introduced in December 1995. The summer of 1996 launched a five-door version with automatic transmission and a diesel engine. At the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1999 he was presented an updated version of Citroen Saxo with improved design. Light commercial vehicle for recreation Citroen Berlingo was first introduced in 1996. From January 1999 the car is available with a gasoline engine of 1.8 liters of diesel or 1.9 D, as well as all-wheel drive. Family Xsara appeared in 1997, restyling that the car underwent in 2000 greatly changed the look of the car, and today Xsara – the most popular in the family Citroen. Another bestseller concern Citroen – model Citroen Xsara Picasso – appeared on the automotive market in 2000 The top of the lineup is the model Citroen c5, which was presented in October 2000 at the Paris Motor Show. C5 sedan, apparently, will replace model Xantia. Citroen Pluriel Concept, multipurpose convertible car that does not belong to any of the currently known car “families”, presented in 2000 in Frankfurt. Assembling cars “OrionM” from kits Citroen Berlingo started in 2000 at the Taganrog car factory. A long tradition of the company, which manufactured the once special cars. In the segment of compact sedans, which in Europe is the most fierce competition automakers in 2002 Citroen in addition to the past restyled Saxo, offered the latest model – Citroen C3. Among the hundreds of car companies now offer thousands of different car, Citroen has always held and holds a worthy place. Apparently, I dreamed about it and now famous engineer Andre Citroen, in fact, in 1919, laid the foundations of the French automotive industry.

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