mercedes-logoIf you want to buy a Mercedes, then you may be interested to know the history of the automotive brand Mercedes. “Mercedes-Benz» (Mercedes-Benz) – German company specializing in the production of cars and engines, founded in 1926. He is currently a wholly owned subsidiary “Daimler-Benz”. Headquartered in Stuttgart. After his death in 1900, Gottlieb Daimler car manufacturing business was continued by his son Paul and Maybach engineer. All management of the firm took over Wilhelm Maybach, Gottlieb Daimler loyal assistant. In 1900 he began to develop a new car. He had a classical arrangement of parts – the engine and the radiator located in front under the bonnet, the drive was through a gear transmission to the rear wheels. The new car was a 4-cylinder engine with 35 hp The first sample was designed as a two-seater racing car model was named Mercedes, after the daughter of one of the owners of the company – the Austrian businessman, diplomat and inveterate race driver Emil Jellinek. This car improved design at the next race in March 1899 won Jellinek, famous throughout the world the company “Daimler” and the name “Mercedes”. Since that time, all the cars the company “Daimler” were produced under the brand name Mercedes. The very first Mercedes also served as the basis for creating a better car “Mercedes Simplex,” opened the era of the most powerful and comfortable cars of this brand. Daimler decided to use the good name and registered the name. as a trademark. in 1902. For personally built the car of Mr. Emil Jellinek was given its own name: “Emile Jelinek-Mercedes”. On its basis, a new version was created – Mercedes Model SS with engine capacity of 7 liters supercharged 200 hp At this time, the most outstanding engineer who created the name Concern “Deimler-Benz”, was Ferdinand Porsche, Fritz Nallinger and Hans Niebel. The first production cars were equipped with ctosilnym engine capable of when the supercharger to develop up to 140 hp, and then the working volume of the engine was increased to 7 liters, which was the starting point for the creation of a sports car “SSK” with the motor 170/125 liters. .. and a speed limit of such models is already about 160 km/h. The next stage was improved and shortened version of “SSKL” with engine capacity of 300 hp – An absolute favorite of many sporting events of those years. In 1926, “Deimler Geselschaft” and “Benz und Co” started to negotiate a merger, and the result of their union became trehluchaevaya star, symbolizing the three elements, subordinated to the group machines – air, water and land. This official emblem of the firm Daimler-senior has become common for the new group, and the cars were delivered to the market is already under the brand name “Mercedes-Benz”. So the 30 th year, Mercedes-Benz company has established itself as a developer and manufacturer of luxury cars when Hans Niebel prepared to release a model “770 Grosser”. Under the hood hiding this giant 7.7-liter supercharged engine, so the time for heavy duty car enjoyed great demand among high-ranking customers, including the ex-Kaiser Wilhelm – II and Emperor Hirohito of Japan, and the following modification of the vehicle launched into production only in 1938-1939 respectively, intended exclusively for the top of the “Third Reich”. It had before it upgraded the engine from the model “770 Grosser”, evolving with enabled compressor power of 230 hp plus a new concern – a completely new tubular frame and independent front and rear suspension, the last test race cars. Ordinary consumers are offered a fairly cheap model “Type-170”, with a tubular frame, independent front and rear suspension, the release of which started in 1931. In the early 40-ies in Germany sharply increased demand for luxury cars of the powerful Mercedes. They are produced by special orders for the Heads of State and Government, high-ranking Nazis, as well as those of traditional cars seem ambitious enough, a factory Mercedes-Benz in Stuttgart. After World War II cars Mercedes returned to sports car and even won the race “24 Hours of Le Mans” 1952. In 1963 he was released model “600”, which was, according to its producers to make the automotive market competition Rolls-Royce. Mercedes G-class – a series of off-road vehicles. Little demand for these machines are quite expensive, which differ enviable durability and maneuverability, vpekut for a relatively constant structure and a minimum of changes. The new generation presented in Paris in September 2000. When in November 1979 the public presented a new generation of large sedans representative S-slass (factory index Body W126) car manufacturer Daimler-Benz, it was already announced that they will become the best cars of the 1980s. And it was true. In May 1991, the company officially announced the termination of the production range W126. In the 80 years the tone of the market luxury cars Japanese firms began to set. However, European automakers took bravely battle: an example of this are the latest models of Mercedes S-class in their 12-cylinder variant, which confirmed high competitiveness of German technology. The famous Mercedes 600S has Xtra reliability, capable of sharp turns, despite its size, and has many other fine features, so it is considered by far the best of the cars produced by the company. Mercedes CL C215 – luxury car with a coupe. Model 126 Series was first introduced back in 1981, a series of 140 – 1992 (platform type C215). In 1999, the lineup is filled with new modifications – CL 600 and CL55AMG. With the introduction in November 1982 Model 190 (serial number of the body W201) Mercedes-Benz company took the lead in the prestige segment of the European car class D. In September 1983, the premiere of the highly anticipated model 190D, which immediately became popular with taxi drivers. In May 1993, Daimler-Benz plant in Bremen has made a change of models with a body W201 sedan C-klasse (W202). Mercedes E-class, a series of upper middle class cars. First shown in 1984. A new generation appeared in 1995. In Frankfurt in 1997 a modification E 55 AMG and the engine V8. From 2000 models equipped with engines 270 CDI and 320 CDI. The most popular Mercedes-Benz became the all-time series with factory index Body W124. A total of eleven years produced more than 2.7 million copies. The lineup of four-door sedans W124 was introduced in November 1984, seven versions of the engine. Mercedes SL – Luxury sports car with a body roadster with removable roof. The model was first introduced in 1989. In 1992, Geneva lineup added new modification – SL600. In the spring of 2001, a new generation of machines. Debut S-class – W140 in Geneva in 1991 created a furore. “Super” S-klasse! The size, capacity and luxury saloon, as well as the quality of the materials used W140 was not equal. Manufacture of his beloved “Elephant” was stopped in the second half of 1998, replacing it with the newest, more compact (at least outwardly) S-klasse with a body W220. For the first time Mercedes Series C, middle class car (sedan), was shown in April 1993. Since the autumn of 1995 is equipped with a compressor, since June 1997 – engines of 2.4 liters and 2,8V6. The new generation of models appeared in the spring of 2000. The new C-Class Sport Coupe, equipped with the newly developed 2-liter engine with a compressor, among the most dynamic car in this segment. In winter 1996, family W202 four-door sedan complement the versatile five-door Touring (abbreviated T). SLK Mercedes, two-seater roadster with a folding roof, first introduced in April 1996 in Turin. In January 2000, a model with a new design and the engine 3,0-V6. The car has received more than 35 international prizes and awards, including the “Golden Steering Wheel” (Germany, 1996), “the most beautiful cars in the world” (Italy, 1996), “Car of the Year” (USA, 1997), “Best Convertible World” (Germany, 1998), “Most Popular Convertible” (Italy, 1999). Family truck Vito (Mercedes-Benz V – class) in 1996 won the title of best van of the year. Sprinter family includes 9 basic models 137 and their modifications. The main types of body: all-metal and combi vans and a minibus with 15 seats. Mercedes ML combines the most important characteristics of an SUV, minivan, station wagon and a car, as a multi-purpose vehicle. Family-road vehicles and permanent four-wheel drive manufactured in the United States. The model was first introduced in 1997. In the supplier M-Class for Europe includes three versions of the model: the base ML 230; 6-cylinder models ML 320 and 8-cylinder version of the ML 430. In 2000, these machines have not changed, but the range complement two new base version – diesel ML270 CDI and tuning ML55 AMG. Since October 1997, successfully sold a family of compact cars Mercedes-Benz A-Class. In 2000, this family has not changed substantially. Mercedes-Benz CLK- family car with coupe and convertible intermediate class between C and E, created on the basis of class C. The model of CLK coupé was featured in the winter 1997 in Detroit. In 1998 convertible joins the lineup, the summer of 1999 has been re-designed cars. Mercedes-Benz CLK-GTR – a unique version of the road car racing class GTR “Grand Turismo”. Production of limited series (25 pcs.). The first performance – November 1998. In an effort to expand the range of products, the company launched a brand new car -malolitrazhki Smart. 1998 – Merger of concern “Daimler-Benz” AG and the company “Chrysler Corporation.” Mercedes Vision SLR Roadster Concept, two-seater sports car was first presented in Detroit in July 1999. The model used in Formula 1 racing. Mercedes Vision SLA Concept, a compact roadster class. Presented as a conceptual model at the Geneva Motor Show in 2000. Mercedes-Benz company still remains at the top of the automotive industry, as well as 100 years ago. Making high-quality cars and engines, the star group of the famous brand in the form of a three-beam star has been a century always keeps the leading position in the automotive and high competitiveness.