For those who wants to buy Alfa Romeo, for sure it will be interesting to read the history of this legendary Italian car brand. Northern Italy. Milan, the capital of the province of Lombardy. Here, in the heart of the city, surrounded by deep moats once filled with water, towering dark rectangle castle middle of the XV century. Built Duke Sforza, who witnessed the Crusades, it was later the residence of the powerful Visconti family, who owned up to the unification of Italy throughout Lombardy. Now numerous halls and passages of the castle given exposures of several museums, mingled always attracts crowds of tourists. Symbols of the past continue to live in the modern world. The red cross on a white field with the shields of the Crusaders migrated to the flag of the municipality of Milan, the Visconti coat of arms – a man devouring a snake – flaunts a stone bas-relief above the gate of the castle. Joining together these two elements formed the emblem of one of the most famous Italian car companies. The company has made more than any other to establish and improve the concept of road sports car, created a number of the most advanced and progressive designs for their time, the highly respected as the numerous fans, and objectively-minded opponents, – Alfa Romeo in Milan. The beginning of this story hard to imagine a less promising. And it was in a very distant from Milan, Naples. That’s where the Frenchman Alexander Darrak (Alexandre Darracq) created in 1906 by the Paris branch of his enterprise for the licensed production of two car models – one-and two-cylinder power of 14 hp and 8/10 respectively. He called Societa Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) – Italian company Darrak. The company ALFA (“Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili”) was founded in 1910 on the basis of the industrial association for the assembly of cars “Societa ‘Anonima Italiana Darracq”. In the future, “Societa ‘Anonima Italiana Automobili Darracq” takes place in the production of Portello near Milan. So in Lombardy from 1910 there was a car factory for the production of Italian cars under the brand name “ALFA”. The company logo used symbols of Milan – the snake (huge too), to swallow a man and a red cross on a white field – the characters embody the entrepreneurial spirit and power, designed to facilitate global success. Legend has it that the founder of a noble Lombard families Visconti during the First Crusade killed in a duel Saracens, who on his shield was depicted snakes devouring man and the red cross on a white field, reminiscent of the heroic act Milanese Giovanni di Po, first set a cross on the wall of Jerusalem at the time of the First Crusade. In 1915 the company moves to a new owner Nicola Romeo, who gave his name to the company, and the name changed to “Alfa Romeo”. It is said that a Neapolitan harbored a special passion for cars, but simply to do business. Please ALFA tried to master a niche luxury executive cars, but met strong competition, turned to sports models. Soon around the company has developed a team of strong riders, among whom was the future celebrity – Enzo Ferrari. In the 20s all the needed speed and power, so that the firm got into the jet. Not the least role in the fate of the brand played Mussolini. His ideology pursuit of victory and power spawned a fashion for sophisticated cars and spurred the construction of modern highways. When Alfa Romeo overtook the global crisis, the brand, in fact, saved the ambitions of the Nazis. In 1934, the government has included the company in the State Concern “IRI” (Institute for Industrial Reconstruction), turned the workshop into a modern industrial complex and began sponsoring the race direction. By the beginning of the 30 cars of the new chief designer Vittorio Jano – 6S1750 six-cylinder, eight-8C2300 and 8C2900B – became queen of racing. The pursuit of power is brought to life the real monsters. For racing cars Tipo A began to be equipped with two engines. In 1935, for sacral Nazi Nuremberg legendary Tazio Nuvolari of “Scuderia Ferrari” on the twin-engine Alfven Romeo Aryan overtook Mercedes and Auto-Union. It was a beautiful but fleeting victory. If the 1931-1934 Alfa Romeo came first in all the races – “Mille Miglia”, “Le-Mans” and “Targa Florio”, in the second half of the 30 new “Germans”, combining reliability with the power ultimately chased cars Alfa Romeo almost all sporting heights. Defeats infuriated Mussolini, and it shook the firm is firmly soldered in the state structure. In the late 30’s Alfa Romeo Vittorio Jano left and Enzo Ferrari. Yet it is in 30th in the road version of the combination of Alf stuck hurried with grace, which for many years will be the guiding star of Alfa-Romeo: the power of the engine, but the feminine lines spartanstvo but luxury, ease and grace. It is remembered for such variation Alfa-Romeo 6S2500. During the war Milan honest factory supplied Nazi aircraft engines, trucks and SUVs, and the core of its design continues to work on civilian models. Although in 1944 the Anglo-Americans bombed the plant to the nines, state 30’s allowed the company to save strength for postwar spurt. Already in 1945 Alfa Romeo tried to return to the light. Piece models with a body the best company on the basis of pre-war Alfa 6S2500 – Super Sport, Freccia d’Oro and Villa d’Este had a huge success all over the place, and at the races in the absence of Alfa Romeo felt complete masters. This flourished with the advent of Alfa mass market cars. In 1950 he revived on US loans plant produced sedan Alfa in 1900, combining accessibility with the ability to race his heart’s content, and in 1954 saw the light of Giulietta with a 4-cylinder engine of 1.3 liters. It was her Alfa Romeo became a symbol of the sweet life of the new Italy, with its eternal holiday, comedies and love racing on mountain streamers and streets of the old town.
Alfa Romeo 1900.
Interestingly, in the postwar years, Alfa Romeo is left now in the state concern “IRI”. That company thus managed to preserve individuality, competitiveness and audacity – a paradox. The same paradox as she postwar Italy, the country has made over half a century of total corruption, governments and leapfrog orgy Left-Right fantastic leap forward like a true sports car. In the 1950s, the company’s board invited the engineer O. Satti, to whom was given the task to combine in one model as a family and a racing car. That and became Alfa Romeo Ti, as well as its improved versions of Ti Coupe Sprint and Ti Sprint Super Sport. The new plant in Arese received a start in life model “Julia” (Giulia Sprint GT) with a body of “convertible”.
Alfa Romeo Giulia Sprint GT.
In the 70s a new word in the automotive industry has become a front-drive model Alfasud (“Alfasud”), going to the factories in Pomigliano, near Naples.
Alfa Romeo Alfasud.
Since 1982, Alfa Romeo has worked closely with Nissan, creating a model “Arna” (Arna), combine features of “Datsun Cherry” (Datsun Cherry) and “Alfasud”.
Alfa Romeo Arna.
Since 1986 the company became part of the group Fiat (FIAT). Sports and functional style of Alfa Romeo retained in the model Alfa Spider unusual predatory, streamlined silhouette.
Alfa Romeo Spider.
The emergence of the new flagship of the famous brand from Milan Alfa Romeo 164, so even with a body from the Pininfarina, created a sensation at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1987. For the first time in a long time, the company flashed originality. Although rapid and streamlined sedan (Cx=0.3) were showing some signs of participation (a form of door) to the big “pan-European” platform “tipo fore”, which was co-developed Alfa Romeo, FIAT and 8MB, supposedly belated Alfa Romeo 164 became the most successful design.
Alfa Romeo 164.
The first show of the model 145 (three-door body) took place in July 1994, 146 (five-door body) – in December 1994. This model cars of the middle class with a transverse engine and front wheel drive. In January 1999 it was made complete modernization model.
Alfa Romeo 145/146.
Alfa Romeo GTV/Spider, model sports cars, as well as a coupe and a spider with a transverse engine and front-wheel drive, a joint development with the company Pininfarina were first shown in 1994 in Paris. From November 1996 to set a new engine GTV 3.0 V6, since May 1998 – a new engine 1.8 TS 16v, with variable valve timing, as well as a modified version of the engine 2.0 TS 16v. In autumn 1998, there have been changes in the design of cars. Alfa Romeo GTV.
Alfa Romeo Spider.
Sedan Alfa Romeo 156 (“Juliet”) in 1997, recognized as “Car of the Year” in Europe. Alfa Romeo became famous for its sporting achievements. In 1999 Optional Accessories Alfa Romeo 156 2.0 supplemented with a five-speed automatic transmission Selespeed, created by technology Formula One, and the Alfa Romeo 156 2.5 V6 received automatic transmission Q-System. Developed in accordance with the technical training program for cars Scuderia Ferrari, PPC Alfa Romeo 156 has exactly the same characteristics as the gearbox of the car F399 Michael Schumacher.
Alfa Romeo 156.
Alfa Romeo 166, the E-model car with a transverse engine and front-wheel drive, the successor model 164, was first shown in autumn 1998.
Alfa Romeo 166.
Alfa Romeo 147 was first predstavlent at an auto show in Turin, June 8, 2000. The European jury awarded Alfa Romeo 147 the title of “Car of 2001”.
Alfa Romeo 147.
So says the director of the Alfa Romeo Design Centre AR Volgang Egger: “Alfa – is the embodiment of Italy. Cars Alfa? As well as the homeland, are renowned for their beauty and emotion. At first glance, they literally drools! The first meeting with Alfa – it’s like a first date with a beautiful girl – feel admiration, excitement and a desire! ” Since that day, when the gates of the factory left the first Alfa with an engine capacity of 24 hp, the cars of the brand as the manufacturer says, is distinguished by five features. The first – a glorious past in the Alfa racing. The Alfa was originally built by people for whom it was the personification of success winning on the racetrack. And Nicola Romeo once praised the advertising effect of this success to sales of road machines. In the early 20s he made a desperate team riders, who was driving the red car just smashed his rivals, and by the early ’50s it was these victories is gained as much and still afford very few brands. One of those riders named Enzo Ferrari … The climax of the racing successes Alfa became a triumph in the first two World Cups of the Formula 1 in 1950 and 1951, when the champions were, respectively, the famous Giuseppe Farina and Juan Manuel Fangio. “Alfovtsy” won all the races of the two seasons, except for one. So, we can say, Alfa forever inscribed his name in the history of world motorsport bold red! The second “trick” – extraordinary style. At the beginning of the last century, afford your own car could only very rich and noble people, mostly just the Italians with their love of art and a beautiful life. At the time, Alfa produced only a few hundred cars a year, and they all have a pronounced appearance. It is this timeless elegance made Henry Ford once said: “When I see the Alfa Romeo, then hats off to her!” Since then, the sleek design is determining the motive for buyers of cars of this brand. “Alfa – it is a pure, absolute driving pleasure and complete unity with the road – says Wolfgang Egger. – But you feel an irresistible urge to jump behind the wheel before you even know something about the car! ” The third “whale”, which rests on the popularity of the brand, “sailed” from the 50s and 60s of the last century with its “dolce vita” – the sweet life. In the postwar years, the company focused more on mass production models (while maintaining the inherent style of a particular brand), to attract the younger generation of Europeans. It was the golden age of Alfa Romeo through a range of affordable but unique models: Giuletta Sprint (1954), Giulietta Spider from Pininfarina, sedan Giulia TI (1964), Giulia 1750 GT Veloce (1968). Then won reputation allowed the company to survive the crisis of 70-80-ies, when some models are no more than a faint shadow of previous “hits” and experiencing chronic mechanical problems. However, the company managed to carry through the most difficult years of the most important: the national historical heritage of the brand, which is its fourth forte. Originally modest in size, and since 1933 has no state support, the brand could give up the ghost than once, or worse, get in the hands of foreign owners. But in 1987 it was acquired by Fiat, and 10 years later the Alfa with their constant “shamrock”, formed by a triangular grille with “petals” on the sides, newly acquired former “sex” appeal. This ability is like a phoenix reborn – his fifth feature – Alfa Romeo has demonstrated recently introduced the latest 8C Competizione, which literally and figuratively became the link between the glorious past of the brand, its promising present, and we hope equally glorious future: 500 copies this exclusive sports car will find their owners at the same moment as the will.
Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo GT
Alfa Romeo Brera