audi-logoThis is now a world-famous company was born in 1910 by the court. It considers the case on accusation August Horch (August Horch) of his former colleagues from the company Horch. As a result of disagreements with partners wayward Horch was forced out of his own firm, which he founded in Zwickau in 1899. After some time, he created in the same city, a new company, of course, giving it its name. Not long existed in a small town two firms with the same name: the decision of the court of the second was given a new name Audi, which in Latin means the same thing as Horch in German – “to listen.” The first Audi was equipped with a 4-cylinder engine in 2612 cm3, similar to the previous design Horch, he created the firm Horch. But soon it was followed by new engines working volume in 3562, 4680 and 5720 cm3. All were so-called balanced valves: intake stood bottom and exhaust strictly above it “upside down”. The tenacity with which August Horch exhibited their cars for various competitions were rewarded only in 1911, when the Audi with an engine capacity of 2.6 liters in the race for the Cup of the Alps in Austria went the full distance without any penalties. Taking into account all the shortcomings Series “B” in 1913, it has developed a new Audi model C, equipped with a 4-cylinder 3.5-liter engine, which crankshaft is rotated on three legs and was slightly offset laterally from the axis of the cylinders. Average had a leather cone clutch friction surface. Wooden body on the chassis of the base of 2900 or 3200 mm was open with elongated and tapered rear portion, which, according to its creators, to provide a better streamlined and gave swift appearance. In 1912-1914 years this car has achieved significant success in the competition in the Alpine Cup. Therefore, it is known as Alpensieger – “Conqueror of the Alps.” Before the war, it was created another small car such as “8/28? with the engine in 2071 cm3, which continued to produce and after the establishment of peace. But the most popular in the 20s was the 50-strong “Audi-K” overhead valve engine with 3.5 liters. The first 6-cylinder was “Audi-M”, released in 1924. Its working volume was 4655 cm3 and a camshaft for the first time moved the top. Crankshaft had 7 towers, and the cylinder block made of aluminum alloy, although the remained steel cylinder liners. Upper camshaft directly acted on the valve stems. The brakes on all wheels were equipped with vacuum booster. The maximum speed of the car reaches 120 km / h. The first 8-cylinder engine in 4872 cm3 appeared in 1928 on the car series “R”, which received a big name Imperator. It was the last own design Audi, which was soon annexed the other car company DKW. Jørgen Skafte Rasmussen (Jorgen Skafte Rasmussen), the founder of DKW, decided not to create a new range of Audi own engines and purchased from the bankrupt American company Rickenbacker all its equipment and design. Regular Audi models appeared in 1929. It was a 6-cylinder Dresden and 8-cylinder Zwickau. In 1931, in the Audi range included lightweight model “P” DKW chassis with 4-cylinder engine of Peugeot in 1122 cm3. In 1932, four German company DKW, Audi, Horch and Wanderer merged into automotive group Auto Union. The first result of the joint work for Audi was the front-wheel series Front with 6-cylinder overhead valve engine Wanderer in 2257 cm3, which was followed by Audi 920 rear-wheel drive with a 6-cylinder engine Horch in 3281 cm3. The front-drive Audi Front was the “product of the collective” is a concern of all the Auto Union companies: the idea of front-wheel drive vehicles for mass belonged to the founder of DKW Rasmussen, his 6-cylinder engine has been designed and manufactured in the Wanderer Horch, and the finished car was wearing brand Audi. Despite the difficulties of the development of the new design, the car worked well and was produced until 1938. The front suspension was on the wishbone and transverse springs and in many ways resembles the construction of Alvis. Unlike most front-wheel midget cars Front belonged to the middle class. Machinery supplied by various many-bodies and develop a speed of over 105 km / h. In 1937 at the Berlin Motor Show was presented elegant sports triple option Front. After the war, the territory of Germany, where the city of Zwickau, became part of the GDR. Former Audi factory was nationalized and it produced no less famous cars Trabant. Audi has temporarily disappeared, because after the war, the company produced only Auto Union cars DKW. Only in 1957 there was only one model called the Auto Union 1000. The following year, Auto Union came under the control of the company Daimler Benz, and in 1964, began to take shape when the transition to production of front-wheel drive, became the property of the group Volkswagen. In 1965, the Audi brand was revived. At the Frankfurt Motor Show was featured front-wheel Audi 1700 highly economical engine development Daimler Benz, having a compression ratio of 11.2 and a power of 72 hp In 1969 Auto Union merged and the company NSU – new company was called NSU Auto Union. Recent organizational changes have taken place in 1984, when NSU Auto Union renamed in an Audi. From 1965, the family began to expand Audi models – the beginning of the 70s there were a series of “60 ?,” 75 ?, “80? and “100 ?. Created in 1980, quattro all-wheel drive modified repeatedly to achieve success in international rallies that brought the Audi brand high prestige. The initiator of the release of all-wheel drive passenger car Audi was an engineer Ferdinand Piech (Ferdinand Piech), who considered the process as natural as the transition from the installation of brakes only on the rear wheels the brakes on all wheels. The advent of mass-wheel-drive Audi considered a revolutionary step in the development of the automotive industry. The basis for the all-wheel drive versions were standard cars with front wheel drive. The unit with the gearbox set transfer case with differential distributes torque almost equally to both axles. There you first have mechanisms to enable or disable the rear drive. The first all-wheel drive Audi were calculated primarily on sporting events, where they could check the reliability of new designs. They were powerful 5-cylinder turbocharged engine. Under the influence of all-wheel drive Audi was laid new direction in the creation of mass-produced cars for the sport and for normal operation. Audi now produces a wide range of high-quality front-wheel cars of all classes with the engine cylinder capacity of 1.2 to 6 liters.